Sometimes intense exercises, even for a short duration, can cause pain at the base of your head, which may also be accompanied by intense nausea and many other migraine-like symptoms and pain in other areas of the head. Knowing exactly the type of exercise that relates to a particular type of headache and the other symptoms of the headache will help you identify what might be causing your pain. It’s best to see your doctor for any changes in the patterns and severity of the exercise-triggered headaches, or if you become numb, feverish, drowsy, or develop a stiff neck.
Sport Device Triggered Headache
These headaches are usually felt in the temporal and occipital areas of the skull. Examples of devices that can cause sport device triggered headaches are swimming goggles, mouthpieces, and helmets. Try loosening of goggles strap to ease the grip.
Aerobic exercises such as hiking, swimming and running can cause effort-induced headaches. Athletes are particularly vulnerable to these effort-induced headaches because of overheating, dehydration and hypoglycemia. These headaches can be prevented by warming up with light aerobic activity.
Effort-induced headaches and exertional headaches are sometimes lumped in together, but it’s important to understand that exertional headaches are slightly different. Exercises that involve lots of pulling, pushing and lifting can sometimes cause exertional headaches. Coughing and sneezing may, too. Because of the correlation between exertional and lifting headaches, they are sometimes referred to as weightlifting headaches. Pain mostly occurs in the occipital area of your neck. The occipital ridge is a bone that lies along the back of your neck and head down right to the base of your skull.
Occipital neuralgia is a continuous cycle of alternating muscle spasms and pain that begins in the base of the neck. This pain may move to the front or the sides of the head or even behind the eyes, which is often misdiagnosed as occipital migraine. Although exercises are not its main trigger, if you feel activity stains your neck or causes impact or falls on the neck, there could be a connection.
Migraines can be due to so many reasons, but too little or too much exercise may suddenly bring them on. Although migraine pain is felt on both the sides of the head, this is definitely not the rule. Many people may experience migraines at the base of the head, behind the eyes or only on one side.
Sometimes headache pain can also come from a weak upper back or neck. When engaging in some physical activities such as sports or rock climbing, weight training, the upper back and the neck are physically stressed. This leads to cervicogenic headache, which may start from the shoulders and neck and slowly moves up into the head. You may feel pain for days or weeks if you don’t get any treatment.